Chamerion angustifolium, Fireweed, Northwest Native Plants, Oregon Native Plant, Sparrowhawk Native Plants, Portland
Chamerion angustifolium, Fireweed, Northwest Native Plants, Oregon Native Plant, Sparrowhawk Native Plants, Portland
Lakeside population of Chamerion angustifolium, Fireweed, Northwest Native Plants, Oregon Native Plant, Sparrowhawk Native Plants, Portland

Fireweed

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Chamerion angustifolium var. canescens
  • Size at maturity: 3-8' tall, 1' wide
  • Canopy layer: groundcover
  • Light requirements: full sun
  • Moisture requirements: moist to dry soil
  • Special features: medicinal, perennial, wildlife favorite, supports hummingbirds

Fireweed's tall pink to purple spiked blooms are a well-known and loved sight in sunny openings along roadsides in Mount Hood National Forest in mid-summer.  Their June through September blooms provide important pollinator food in late summer and fall. Spreads vigorously by seed. 

Photo Credit 1: Tara Lemezis

Photo Credit 2: "Chamerion angustifolium 2" by Alexxx1979 is licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0

Photo Credit 3: "Chamerion angustifolium" by Alexxx1979 is licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0