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Salal (Gaultheria shallon) - native evergreen shrub. One of 100+ species of Pacific Northwest native plants available at Sparrowhawk Native Plants, Native Plant Nursery in Portland, Oregon.
Close-up Salal flowers (Gaultheria shallon) - native evergreen shrub. One of 100+ species of Pacific Northwest native plants available at Sparrowhawk Native Plants, Native Plant Nursery in Portland, Oregon.
Salal (Gaultheria shallon) - native evergreen shrub. One of 100+ species of Pacific Northwest native plants available at Sparrowhawk Native Plants, Native Plant Nursery in Portland, Oregon.

Salal

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Gaultheria shallon

  • Size at maturity: 1-5' tall, 1-5' wide
  • Canopy layer: small shrub
  • Light requirements: full shade, part sun / part shade
  • Moisture requirements: dry to moist soil
  • Growth rate: medium
  • Special features: evergreen, medicinal, edible, supports hummingbirds

Salal is an evergreen shrub that may form dense patches in drier coniferous forests. The flowers are urn-shaped and range from white to pinkish. Salal blooms from May to July and the reddish flower stalks bend so that the loose 6-inch clusters of flowers are oriented in one direction. The leaves are egg-shaped and alternate, thick and leathery but shiny. The dark purple to black berries are edible but often bland. The berries attract birds. (Portland Plant List, 2016)

 

Photo Credit 1: "Salal" by CAJC: in the PNW is licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0

Photo Credit 2: "File:Salal (Gaultheria shallon) Leaf and Flowers.jpg" by Wingchi is licensed under CC BY-SA 2.5

Photo Credit 3: "Salal Gaultheria shallon" by brewbooks is licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0