Blechnum spicant, Deer Fern, Pacific Northwest Native Plants, Oregon Native Ferns, Sparrowhawk Native Plants
Blechnum spicant, Deer Fern, Pacific Northwest Native Plants, Oregon Native Ferns, Sparrowhawk Native Plants

Deer Fern

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Blechnum spicant
  • Size at maturity: 1-3' tall, 2' wide
  • Canopy layer: small shrub
  • Light requirements: full shade, part sun/part shade
  • Moisture requirements: moist to wet soil
  • Growth rate: medium
  • Special features: evergreen

Blechnum spicant is a species of fern known by the common names deer fern or hard fern. It is native to Europe and western North America. Like some other Blechnum it has two types of leaves. The sterile leaves have flat, wavy-margined leaflets, while the fertile leaves have much narrower leaflets. Deer fern is a major understory plant in most moist coniferous forests in our region. (EMSWCD, 2019)

Photo Credit 1: "N20140911-0032—Blechnum spicant—RPBG" by John Rusk is licensed under CC BY 2.0

Photo Credit 2: "Deer Fern" by brewbooks is licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0