Chamerion angustifolium, Fireweed, Northwest Native Plants, Oregon Native Plant, Sparrowhawk Native Plants, Portland

Fireweed

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Chamerion angustifolium var. canescens
  • Size at maturity: 3-8' tall, 1' wide
  • Canopy layer: groundcover
  • Light requirements: full sun
  • Moisture requirements: moist to dry soil
  • Growth rate: medium
  • Special features: medicinal, perennial, wildlife favorite, supports hummingbirds

Fireweed's tall pink to purple spiked blooms are a well-known and loved sight in sunny openings along roadsides in Mount Hood National Forest in mid-summer.  Their June through September blooms provide important pollinator food in late summer and fall. Spreads vigorously by seed. 

Photo Credit: Tara Lemezis