Sambucus racemosa, Red Elderberry, Pacific Northwest Native Plants, Oregon Native Plant, Sparrowhawk Native Plants, Portland
Sambucus racemosa, Red Elderberry, Pacific Northwest Native Plants, Oregon Native Plant, Sparrowhawk Native Plants, Portland
Sambucus racemosa, Red Elderberry, Pacific Northwest Native Plants, Oregon Native Plant, Sparrowhawk Native Plants, Portland

Red Elderberry

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Sambucus racemosa var. arborescens

  • Size at maturity: 8-18' tall, 10' wide
  • Canopy layer: large shrub
  • Light requirements: full sun to full shade
  • Moisture requirements: moist to wet soil
  • Growth rate: medium
  • Special features: medicinal, wildlife favorite, supports hummingbirds

The Red Elderberry, like the Blue Elderberry, is important to many wildlife species. Its clusters of fragrant white flowers provide nectar for butterflies and bees, and the many small red berries are eaten by birds. The Red Elderberry can be distinguished from the Blue Elderberry by the color of its fruit, and by the more rounded clusters of flowers. Both have hollow stems and can grow to the size of a small tree (Portland Plant List, 2016)

Photo Credit 1: "Red Elderberry (Sambucus racemosa)" by wackybadger is licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0

Photo Credit 2: "Roter Holunder (Sambucus racemosa)" by onnola is licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0

Photo Credit 3: "Red Elderberry (Sambucus racemosa)" by La.Catholique is licensed under CC BY 2.0