Gaultheria shallon, Salal, Pacific Northwest Native Plants, Oregon Native Shrub, Sparrowhawk Native Plants, Portland
Gaultheria shallon, Salal, Pacific Northwest Native Plants, Oregon Native Shrub, Sparrowhawk Native Plants, Portland

Salal

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Gaultheria shallon

  • Size at maturity: 1-5' tall, 1-5' wide
  • Canopy layer: small shrub
  • Light requirements: full shade, part sun / part shade
  • Moisture requirements: dry to moist soil
  • Growth rate: medium
  • Special features: evergreen, medicinal, edible, supports hummingbirds

Salal is an evergreen shrub that may form dense patches in drier coniferous forests. The flowers are urn-shaped and range from white to pinkish. Salal blooms from May to July and the reddish flower stalks bend so that the loose 6-inch clusters of flowers are oriented in one direction. The leaves are egg-shaped and alternate, thick and leathery but shiny. The dark purple to black berries are edible but often bland. The berries attract birds. (Portland Plant List, 2016)

Photo Credit 1: "File:Salal (Gaultheria shallon) Leaf and Flowers.jpg" by Wingchi is licensed under CC BY-SA 2.5

Photo Credit 2: "Salal Gaultheria shallon" by brewbooks is licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0