Size at maturity: 1' tall
- Canopy layer: groundcover
- Light requirements: full shade, part-sun/part-shade
- Moisture requirements: moist soil
Bloom time: March to June
Prefers shady moist forest sites with high soil organic matter and lots of forest duff. Often found growing in stands with Lady Fern, Thimbleberry and Salmonberry. Name derives from vanilla scent of its dried leaves in winter. Spreads through underground rhizomes to form an understory to native trees and shrubs.